sábado, 6 de junio de 2015
Invitation to the homage to the heroic 50th immolation of Luis Felipe de La Puente Uceda
Homage date: from 19 to 23 October 2015
place in Santiago de Chuco, Peru
/ original in spanish /
Only those who follow the path and do not seek the electoral opportunity are the ones who can summon !!
Only the heirs may convene,
those who follow his path,
No opportunistic !!
Luis Felipe de la Puente Uceda was the founder, chief ideologue and General Commander of the Peruvian revolutionize Left Movement (MIR). Exponents of the theory of guerrilla groups as catalysts for the revolution, and the MIR Uceda begin the armed struggle in 1965, which is soon defeated by the Peruvian army, falling Uceda in combat.
1964: Our position
1964: La Revolucion Peruana
In mid-1957, Luis de la Puente was found with Hector Cordero Guevara in Lima for the first time.
** He left me - remember Hector years later - an "extraordinary impression," a man with definite ideas; with the spiritual strength and will that presaged "a real leader". Together they would make the final leg of his unsuccessful effort to reorient the APRA and that would culminate in his expulsion.
In September 1957 LPU travels as Vice-President of the Federation of Students of Peru to Nigeria - Africa. (Nigeria in January 1957 had achieved its independence)
LPU in 1957 as a doctoral thesis presents the study "Reform of Peruvian Agriculture '.
** He leaned there for a formula of "realistic anti-feudalism 'equidistant from the imperialists of those approaches as" intoxicated with Marxism ". Agrarian reform itself. But not by the -escabroso, bloody and very dudosas- consequences but as "legitimate act of promoting development" "revolutionary way", executed in "strict adherence to the Constitution and laws." A perfectly framed within the "ideal Indo-Americanism" expressed by the APRA and in the Bolivian revolution, he had found adequate specificity evolutionary path. Largely kept this vision when his first trip to Cuba in July 1959. So let him know in a forum on Cuban Agrarian Reform where he was in favor of respect for private property, the "right to a plot" Cuban farmer in the interests of justice and freedom transformation. He was passionate as demanded insistently according Marco Antonio Malpica- a definition of the Cubans, who actually chose not to respond.
After support the thesis "Peruvian Agriculture Reform" he graduated as Bachelor in Law and in May 1958 he received a lawyer. Previously he received from Professor of Philosophy and Social Sciences who had studied law simultaneously.
The July 26, 1958 took place a bloody slaughter of peasants from the indigenous community of Chepén, in the department of La Libertad. He was one of the managers of the establishment of houses of Julcán district in 1958 and in 1961, links to the creation of the present Province.
** The balance was three dead and dozens injured face of resistance and struggle of villagers against encroachment on their lands by the Moreira Palacios family, owners of the hacienda Talambo. Palaces Moreira were relatives of Vice President Carlos Moreira and Paz Soldan, during the second government of Manuel Prado Ugarteche, government living with APRA. Luis de la Puente Uceda was defense lawyer for the community - with Gonzalo Fernandez Gasco - and because of the events of Chepén, was subjected to discipline and sanctioned by the leadership of APRA.
LPU first traveled to Cuba, the Cuban Revolution triumphed on January 1, 1959. In mid-1959, De la Puente is still held within the framework of a radical nationalist perspective.
** Dad holding discussions with the guys Pablo Chang and De la Puente Uceda, Mexican resuming talks, Inca as he smokes cigarettes, and again I get the smell of coffee drinking and verve of these fighters are heard. Ricardo Tello, Hector Cordero, Guillermo Lobatón, Santiago and Luis Zapata, also young intellectuals like Julio Dagnino, Hector Bejar, Lea Barba Felix Arias-Schreiber and Carlos Franco added. Febrile, brave, try to understand and transform the country, conspire yards San Marcos attracted by the triumphant echo of the Cuban revolution, it is 1959.
(Note Rosina Valcarcel)
** In this context, the National Liberation Front (FLN), represented by A. General Cesar Pando Egusquiza (chairman), Genaro Ledesma Izquieta, Angel Castro Lavarello, Czech Genaro Carnero and other progressive forms. Dad encourages the Front. The boys are also going to rallies. In a very crowded at the San Martin Square, the evening in 1962, I sell books by authors like Vallejo Dad has edited with amazing runs; De la Puente's uncle appears and you are not exposed to danger buys me all copies. (Note Rosina Valcarcel)
On September 9, 1959, a strike by workers Casagrande sugar plantation in the valley of Chicama - Trujillo, was suppressed leaving a tragic toll of five dead and many wounded. Casagrande was owned by the Gildeimester, the largest landowners in the country. Youth and broad sectors of the Apra, led by Luis de la Puente Uceda, demanded in demonstrations and public documents, punishment for those responsible for the slaughter and demarcation of the APRA party once with the oligarchic government of Manuel Prado y Ugarteche. Again De La Puente was disciplined and subjected to deportation proceedings the ranks of APRA.
** With the growing discontent of the APRA bases with the party leadership, the Executive Committee convenes Apra, 10 September, at the Fourth National Convention made a month later, from 10 to 12 October in the city of Lima. The main objective of this event was to expel the Aprista leaders labeled as "divisive" for criticizing the policy of coexistence. Will reflect the Secretary-General himself, Ramiro Prialé in remarks recorded by the newspaper La Tribune in its editorial on September 11, 1959: "It (the Fourth National Convention) party say their word. It will examine the situation, shall adopt resolutions, check the adjustments it deems necessary and will surely amputations. All this will have a basic purpose: to ratify the unity of the movement, which has remained unshakable. " Prialé sanctions announced by Luis de la Puente working hard on what would be the motion analysis and criticism. The document was discussed, approved, signed and submitted to the Fourth National Convention on October 10, 1959 by a score of Aprista leaders. The content of the motion was not discussed in the plenary of the Convention shall not be permitted to exercise the defense by the prosecution.
Thus, De la Puente and seven officers were suspended from their rights supporters, then deported on October 12 with more than 30 party members; the other signatories were subjected to deportation proceedings discipline. Immediately the "Aprista Committee for the Defense of doctrinal principles and Internal Democracy", and through the newspaper "Voice Aprista" face the official leadership, this committee then called the Rebel APRA composed of Luis de la Puente is brewing, Gonzalo Fernandez Gasco, Hector Bejar and Luis Olivera (father of Fernando Olivera); and after 1962 the Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) will be referred to adhere to Marxism-Leninism.
In July 1960 LPU's second trip to Cuba, where he stayed six months occurs.
** In July 1960 a delegation of the APRA Rebelde had traveled to the island. De la Puente own Caribbean land remained for several months. They were critical to the Castro regime months. In Havana's Revolution Square, Peruvian heard Fidel predict the transformation of the Andes in a "hemispheric Sierra Maestra." By the time he began to conceive the insurrectional plan MIR. Before the position according Napurí- Che "guerrilla focus as the first and fundamental tool of the revolution," de la Puente would have answered with his view that "the alliance with APRA Rebelde Cuba would become a formidable catalyst" . A quick crisis -atrapado PAP in its harmful pact with the oligarchy, moreover, would add up to "thousands of workers and youth to the revolutionary project" Mir. Situation that would allow a broader and more complex than that outlined by the focus organizational scheme. It was the beginning of a discussion between De la Puente and Che which lasted over two years. In Peru, meanwhile, the peasant burst through the Sierra accelerated further political time.
Note: "From 'APRA betrayal' to 'heroic gesture' - Luis de la Puente Uceda and the guerrillas of the MIR of Renique, Jose Luis
February 13 returns LPU of Cuba, had been six months. March 4 travels to Trujillo. March 11 LPU was assaulted on the corner of the cathedral by a group of APRA intends to liquidate earners.
** Attack rejecting armed robbery, killing one of the attackers. He remains imprisoned 18 months after being tried and have proven to have acted in self-defense. It is known that takes self defense and the importance of his plea. It is dedicated to work in prison a bill on land reform.
Luis de la Puente Uceda presented in October 1961 a bill on land reform in Peru - the name of Apra Rebelde - the National Parliament, through Carlos Malpica.
In June 1962 and De la Puente had definitely broken with the Apra and the Apra Rebelde would officially renamed MIR, LPU was the highest leader of the Movement of the Revolutionary Left. He expressed its flag with the colors green and red the working-peasant alliance as the driving force of the Peruvian revolution.
LPU walks free on August 62, after 18 months of confinement for the death of the Aprista assassin. The people walking on the shoulders of the Plaza de Armas of Trujillo. He moved, a few days, the valley of La Convencion - Cusco.
In 1962 Hugo Blanco was visited by Luis de la Puente Uceda in Cuzco, wearing the proposal to unify the revolutionary movements of the south and the center, but did not reach any agreement.
** Cuba Ricardo Napurí- according recall had been ordered to make contact with Hugo Blanco. De la Puente would have resisted, stressing his disinterest unify with this or the ELN Bejar own. According to the same witness-thought that the leadership of the revolution should be in the hands of
MIR and had suspicions of dealing with a Trotskyist and White, or even with itself Napurí who began to see also as a Trotskyist. After a "great debate" finally made the trip. Once there, according Napurí-, De la Puente wanted to take advantage of the fact "that White used to greet who visited him a great celebration, with thousands of peasants" to film the event in order to show in Cuba that all that movement "under his discipline." New discussion "because it was an ethical problem, in addition to political" as long as Napurí. They were images of Luis de la Puente addressing a peasant crowd in the main square of Quillabamba. It was the moment of glory convenciana struggle. It would not last long, as we saw earlier: the victory of movement-specific law for provincial land reform was the beginning of the end of "dual power" of Blanco. The truth is that there was no agreement among the leaders. There they would meet again.
In 1962, Ricardo Gadea have the "pleasant surprise" re-encounter Ensuring Maximum returning to Cuba for the second time in Havana to receive a "delegation of militants" MIR.
In December 1962 LPU smuggled out of Peru again for Macara, accompanied the piurano Rios and Carlos Portocarrero previously fled to the study by Dr. Juan Roberto Velasco in Piura. Gonzalo Fernandez Gasco arrive later and Hector Cordero Guevara, before leaving for the third time coming to Cuba in 1963. He visited several Latin American countries before returning to Peru.
** From the Bridge "he was an expert on agrarian and peasant question" and "Che disarmed him when he explained the organic composition of the field in Peru." He had explained the importance of rural unionization and the weight of the "thousands of peasant communities" and "tradition of internal discipline and combat." Which questioned the scheme of "pure focus" as De la Puente told that Peru had "concrete peasant organizations", with which he had to do preliminary work for the peasant, he was not "from their organizations For I will put a guerrilla. " Then according Napurí- "Che realized that he must 'clarify' his idea of focus thinking that what is promised in Peru was much more." To the point that, "for a time considered that Peru was a spearhead in their internationalist endeavors to export revolution." Hence, "convincingly he said that if the insurrection 'lit,' we would have at our side in the Peruvian highlands."
In that discussion, Napurí asked a very pertinent question: if there was "a proven core militants and activists, if there were still relations with the country, whether they had improved ties with students and the working class," as claimed De la Puente . Then: "Why not build the MIR
as a worker and socialist party? "which" did not deny commitments with Che or internationalism, but the inscribed on a new basis. "He then untied according to former Peruvian-flyer" a decisive argument. " Was the focus "necessarily inconsistent with the existence of the party"? Napurí felt that while not be subject to the guerrilla revolutionary party. This was demonstrated experience as the Leninist and Maoist. Analyzing the Cuban case, "De la Puente and those who were claiming that the determinant factor of victory was the guerrilla struggle. "MIR leader toured the geography of this communist, coming to meet with Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Ming with Kim Il Sun. Returning to Cuba agreed Che -in a tactical design based Napurí- description "in a course only Cuban model" consisting of several guerrilla groups supported by "at least match" that come into action "at the earliest opportunity." Convinced that this project not work, Napurí wrote a letter to Che announcing he was quitting the MIR. This, in turn, announce publicly that he had "settled" with the trotstkismo.
Note: "From 'APRA betrayal' to 'heroic gesture' - Luis de la Puente Uceda and the guerrillas of the MIR of Renique, Jose Luis
LPU performs the first land reform in Hacienda Julcán - Santiago de Chuco - family owned for farmers, distributing the land for free ..
** Julcán capital of the province of the same name is located to 93 Km. Of the city of Trujillo and 3.200 meters above the sea.
With the change of ownership emerges as an enviable Julcán agricultural and trading power, the figure of Dr. Luis Felipe de la Puente Uceda, a man who traced the path of struggle for progress appear. Thus Julcán is created as Hamlet on May 15, 1958, then, after two years in office, the file is prepared for the Deputy Mirror Malón arrange with your camera to create the District, made come true the June 12, 1961 by Law No.13659. They are relevant in this management action in addition to Dr. Luis Felipe De la Puente Uceda, his brother Juan Manuel de la Puente Uceda, the RP Ismael Carranza Second Robles, Juan Julio Zavaleta Sandoval, Antenor Zavaleta Gutiérrez, Javier Castro Vereau, Miñano Pedro Guzman, Fernando Vargas and Gilberto Gavidia Huanes Armas, among others.
Thus a June 19, 1990, the Law No.25261 where we raised to the status of province, signed by the Constitutional President Dr. Alan Garcia Perez is issued.
This new province with beautiful scenery, with aroma of freedom has a Quechua origin, the word "SHULLCA" meaning the youngest, the baby, the youngest of peoples. It was created with Carabamba Districts, Calamarca and Huaso.
LPU part again for the third time to Cuba, arrived in Havana in 1963, interview with Fidel Castro and then travels to Europe, China, Vietnam and North Korea, meeting with the leaders of these countries (Mao Tse Tung, Ho Chi Ming and Kim Il Sung), strengthening its Marxist ideology.
In February 1963 he published the MIR, the doctrinal and programmatic basis; Rebel Voice editions.
In April 1963 trench with a Trotskyist group led by Ricardo Napurí, which is separate from the party after a meeting of the Central Committee held in Rio de Janeiro - Brazil, 30 May 1964. Napuri Vanguard is the Revolutionary Party.
A historic national meeting of MIR occurs in October 1963 in Santiago de Chile.
The book "War to the death against large estates" is published by the MIR in 1963.
LIQUIDATION of large estates and servitude!
UPON EARTH WORKS!
RURAL LAND REFORM!
As we demand the Agrarian Reform Agrarian Reform decidedly Campesina. Agrarian reform involving immediate return of land stolen from indigenous communities; involving the expropriation of large estates, including sugar; they do not make exception for the sugar barons who enrich themselves as huge exploiting our workers, our best land grabbing, and taking advantage of free trade and favorable prices on the international market. Agrarian reform collect collectivist essence of our communities for the socialist construction in the countryside; to ensure small property and east along the paths of the cooperative; to raise the skill levels in all sectors of agricultural activities; to increase the extent of farmland for the benefit of the majority of the country and not the privileged, as happens today.
Finally, the country needs genuine agrarian reform to release our peasantry from all feudal shackles and empiricism and impoverishment suffering today, which is only possible by liquidating the estates in all its manifestations.
FIGHT FOR UNITY!
UNIT FOR THE REVOLUTION!
UNITY IN ACTION!
The MIR since it emerged into political life the October 12, 1959, has been struggling for the unity of the left. We have done all efforts possible to achieve this unity. For the sake of this goal we have been victims of maneuvers, misunderstandings and betrayals. The MIR fight and keep fighting for unity, but not unity for electoral meadows, and this record, no drive to launch candidates for President of the Republic, Parliament municipalities. We do not want to drive. That's why we preferred to walk alone as today. If the unit has to be to fight alongside the peasants, to face the oligarchic power, to enable the revolution to that unit, our arms are open.
This grand rally may be the start of great deeds in the struggle for our liberation. At this point the fundamental objectives of our struggle are: the liquidation of the feudal regime and the expulsion of US imperialism, which in close pairing oppress our people. We will fly all our efforts towards the achievement of these two objectives. That is, we advocate the democratic revolution of a new type, the anti-feudal and anti-imperialist revolution, led by the worker-peasant alliance into a united front comprising all other sectors of nationality suffered the effects of exploitation, oppression, dependence. When we have accomplished those goals will start the next stage of our march towards socialism.
THE WAY OF THE REVOLUTION IS THE ONLY WAY IS OUR PEOPLE
"Ideological Training Manual"
Ideological Training Manual was prepared by the c. De la Puente in 1964, already installed on Ch'aska Illarec camps as a basic text for the ideological and political education of peasant cadres. It was printed by the same guerrilla beginning of 1965. These fragments are taken from this edition.
WHAT IS KNOWN BY PHASE TRANSITION OR REVOLUTION
In this phase the basis for the implementation of Socialism feel. The basis for the implementation of socialism, can be classified into three categories:
- Bases of political order;
- Bases of economic order and,
- Bases of social order.
Illarec Ch'aska 1964-1965
The May 23, 1964 LPU falls into a preventive raid against the visit of German Federal President Heinrich Luebke German politician, member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany, ruled from 1959-1969.
Interview with Luis de la Puente Uceda in Argentina La Rosa Armored magazine (No. 6, pp. 40-42).
It is the June 9, 1965 that initiate guerrilla action. Made up of three guerrilla bases at regional level.
Manco Capac in the North led by Gonzalo Fernandez Gasco.
Pachacutec in the South led by Ruben Solorzano Tupayachi.
Tupac Amaru in Lobatón led by Guillermo Milla Center.
Previously open three guerrilla fronts in the central highlands.
** De la Puente is concentrated in the valley of La Convencion (Cusco) with the "Pachacutec" column in the area called "Mesa Pelada", which is dedicated to promoting their uprising.
While Guillermo Milla and Maximum Lobatón Ensuring the "Tupac Amaru" column in the middle (Junin and Huancavelica) kidnap and assault police estates in Pucuta (Huancavelica).
Gonzalo Fernandez Gasco in the North (Cerro Black-Ayabaca), with the "Manco Capac" column and the "César Vallejo" ready to rise up in Pataz, with Elio Portoicarrero in the Department of La Libertad.
To declare war did wearing military uniform and following international conventions regarding insurgent uprisings. Luis Felipe personally ran the front "Pachacutec" in Mesa Pelada in the valley of the Convention, in Cuzco, where he fell riddled with his campaign on October 23, 1965. He left written works of political, socio-economic analysis, military strategy and a book of parables called "revolutionary Stories".
The Peruvian Revolution
Concepts and perspectives
Luis de la Puente Uceda
(*) This paper was written by the partner Luis de la Puente Uceda in July 1965 for US policy journal "Monthly Review" in order to propagandize abroad fighting the process initiated in June by the MIR.
First published: in English translation under the title of "The Peruvian Revolution: Concepts and Perspectives" in Monthly Review November 1965, pp (vol 17, no. 6.). 12-28, and in Chile in the Spanish version of the magazine.
Digital Edition: Marxists Internet Archive, 2006.
Source: Works by Luis de la Puente Uceda. Voz Rebelde Editions, (Lima) 1980.
De la Puente and his followers, and all MIR fronts were disbanded the same year of its inception: 1965.
Luis Felipe de la Puente Uceda is slain by the numerical superiority in men and weapons from government forces Belaunde and his missing corpse. The actions occurred on October 23. 25 of the same month, the Army said in a statement, he realizes the facts.
Tribute to the 50 years of his heroic sacrifice:
Luis de la Puente Uceda and Mesa Pelada heroes live!
* Luis de la Puente Uceda - abbreviated LPU